This level encompasses three main topics: valid cognition, modes of engagement, and Clear Thinking.
Mind & Its World I: Valid Cognition (BUD 501)
This course explores the criteria of valid cognition (pramana) based on the teachings of the pramana tradition, or Buddhist epistemology. We will analyze our consciousness and determine to what degree, if at all, it is in agreement with its observed object. We will also look at the difference between non-mistaken, non-deceiving, conceptual and non-conceptual types of awareness. On a practical level, this course will also provide you with the tools for distinguishing between conceptual and nonconceptual types of mind in your meditation practice.
Mind & Its World II: Modes of Engagement (BUD 510)
Mind and Its World I and II train us in the pramana view, known as valid cognition. This view takes us on a journey of mind from non-valid cognition to inferential valid cognition and then through the four direct valid cognitions. It leads us to identify the mistaken concepts that we hold and then to understand increasingly more subtle degrees of valid concepts, and then to the idea of non-conceptuality, or direct perception.
Clear Thinking (BUD 502)
Clear Thinking helps us to clarify and deepen our understanding of knowable objects through learning methods for thinking clearly. This is developed by formulating definitions, examples, equivalents and classifications, and by exploring the four types of logical relationships between two phenomen.